April 30, 2020 4:00pm-6:00pm
Conducting an Efficient FBA: Moving from Interviews to Experimental Analyses
Candice Colón-Kwedor, PhD, BCBA-D, LABA
This presentation will focus on the logic of functional behavior assessment (FBA) and how an escalating sequence of scientific inquiry can be used to identify the function of challenging behavior. Within the scope of the functional analysis (FA) process, the utility of descriptive assessment (open-ended interviews and direct observation) will be explained. Examples of how descriptive assessment methods can be used to develop an individualized FA will be provided. Emphasis will be placed on how open-ended interviews and observations can be used to develop an efficient FA by identifying idiosyncratic variables to include in the analysis (e.g., environmental conditions, measurement, experimental design). In addition, attendees will be provided decision-making rules for determining when modifications to FA conditions and/or design maybe necessary to determine function. Furthermore, attendees will be provided an opportunity to practice developing FA components given descriptive assessment outcome scenarios.
June 4, 2020 4:00pm-6:00pm
Evidence-Based and Practical Strategies for Toilet Training Children with Disabilities
Maeve Donnelly, PhD, BCBA-D, LABA
Behavior-analytic toilet training methods described in the seminal paper published by Azrin and Foxx (1971) have been successfully replicated across multiple settings and populations. However, despite the documented efficacy of this well-known procedure, many children and adults with disabilities do not display independent toileting skills. Persistent deficits in independent toileting may be due to a variety of barriers such as improper assessment of readiness for training, occurrence of problem behavior, excessive urine retention, failure to maintain training gains, or insufficient independent initiations to toilet. In this talk, empirically validated toilet training procedures based on the procedures originally described by Azrin and Foxx will be synthesized and reviewed. Methods for assessing readiness, best practices for toilet training, and evidence-based strategies for addressing barriers to successful training and maintenance will be described for the purpose of preparing practitioners to develop safe, efficient, and effective toilet training procedures for children and adults with disabilities.